Still, there are many ways to look at the data—and quantifying the definition of a violent society. A study in Current Anthropology published online October 13 acknowledges the percentage of a population suffering violent war-related deaths—fatalities due to intentional conflict between differing communities—does decrease as a population grows.
At the same time, though, the absolute numbers increase more than would be expected from just population growth. In fact, it appears, the data suggest, the overall battle-death toll in modern organized societies is exponentially higher than in hunter—gatherer societies surveyed during the past years.
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This, according to the authors, was not the case in human populations. People, their data show, have evolved to be more violent than chimps. And, despite high rates of violent death in comparison with population size, nonstate groups are on average no more or less violent than those living in organized societies. There is a strong trend for larger societies to lose smaller percentages of their members to war, Falk says, but the actual number of war deaths increases with growing population sizes.
Falk adds that small communities are not necessarily more violent than larger populations—they are simply more vulnerable to losing a significant portion of their population due to outsider attacks.
She admits citing a population of one in an alley is an extreme example. But she adds that smaller populations suffering a higher percentage of casualties at the hands of another population are not necessarily more innately violent than large modern societies are—they might instead just be the victims.
The outsize rise in total war-related deaths associated with larger groups of people may be due, in part, to the advances in weaponry and military strategy that come with increased communication and collaboration: A similar degree of violent behavior enacted by a similar number of people just does more damage on a nuclear scale than it ever could with axes and spears.
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For his part, Pinker disputes the new findings. Pinker points out many anthropologists are committed to some version of the noble savage theory—the idea that in the wild humans are innately good, only to be corrupted by society and civilization. Falk acknowledges this, in part, motivated her to undertake the study. Yet Falk and Hildebolt do not believe any bias skewed their results. We only leave Yelp reviews when our steak was overcooked.
How did Gandhi win?
We leave comments online when we are outraged, not enlightened. The results of this research formed the basis of The Feminine Mystique. The book became a sensation—creating a social revolution by dispelling the myth that all women wanted to be happy homemakers.
Friedan encouraged women to seek new opportunities for themselves. She wanted women to have a greater role in the political process.
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In , Betty Friedan published The Second Stage, which sought to help women wrestling with the demands of work and home. It seemed to be a more moderate feminist position than her earlier work. Betty Friedan died of heart failure on February 4, , in Washington , D. And the work that she started is still being carried today by the three organizations she helped establish.
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Betty Ford was an American first lady and the wife of Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States. Ford realized the power of her position as first lady early on, when she was diagnosed with breast cancer shortly after her husband took office. Social activist, writer, editor and lecturer Gloria Steinem was born in Ohio in Diagnosed with breast Jeannette Rankin was a Montana politician who made history in as the first woman ever elected to the United States Congress.
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She was also the only member of Congress to cast a vote against participation in both world wars. Unafraid to take controversial positions on several In the s, she helped organize the Women It took activists and reformers nearly years to win that right, and the campaign was not easy: Disagreements over strategy threatened to cripple the movement more She came from a privileged background and decided early in life to fight for equal rights for women.
Stanton worked closely with Susan B.
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